The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency announced the verdicts of an American Arbitration Association panel against Bruyneel and two medical staff, completing its lengthy investigation which saw Armstrong banished from cycling in 2012.
“I do not dispute that there are certain elements of my career that I wish had been different,” Bruyneel said in a statement. “However, a very small minority of us has been used as scapegoats for an entire generation.”
Armstrong’s lawyer, Tim Herman, declined to comment on the case to The Associated Press.
The ruling said Bruyneel encouraged his riders to cheat, and Levi Leipheimer, one of eight former Armstrong teammates who gave evidence, testified to the director’s “integral role” managing the doping program.
The verdicts followed a four-day hearing in London last December before a three-member AAA panel.
Bruyneel is banned from working in all sports to June 11, 2022. Celaya’s and Marti’s sanctions end on June 11, 2020. The AAA panel increased the standard four-year bans for trafficking or administering doping products because they were part of a wider conspiracy.
Armstrong was stripped several weeks later of all of his post-August 1998 race results, including all seven Tour de France titles, and banned for life by USADA. Doctors Michele Ferrari and Luis Garcia del Moral also did not challenge USADA’s findings and lifetime bans.
At Bruyneel’s closed-door hearing in London, 17 witnesses provided testimony in person or by video link, including eight cyclists: Michael Barry, Tom Danielson, Tyler Hamilton, George Hincapie, Floyd Landis, Levi Leipheimer, Christian Vande Velde and David Zabriskie.
“Each witness testified that Mr. Bruyneel organized, assisted, and encouraged the use of doping for riders on those teams,” the panel ruling stated.
The panel said it did not consider testimony by Hamilton and Landis, who perjured themselves in previous cases examining their own doping, and because Landis has a financial conflict of interest with his whistleblower suit.
USADA said that Marti worked “most recently” for the Denmark-based Team Saxo Bank-Tinkoff Bank, which is managed by 1996 Tour winner Bjarne Riis. Its star rider is Alberto Contador, who won the Tour de France in 2007 and 2009 riding for teams directed by Bruyneel, then was stripped of the 2010 title after testing positive for clenbuterol.
“Mr. Marti also argued that he could not have been present for the 2007 blood transfusion after the Dauphine Libere because he was training with Alberto Contador at that time,” said the panel’s ruling, which dismissed the alibi for lack of supporting evidence.
Associated Press writer Jim Vertuno in Austin, Texas, contributed to this report.
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